• Cluster B: The personality disorders that are related to emotional or erratic disorders are grouped under Cluster B. These emotional and impulsive behavior disorders include:
•Cluster C: Anxious or fearful disorders are clubbed together under Cluster C. These anxious behavior include:
- Obsessive compulsive
It has been found that one person may fall under various categories. Thus, need treatment for various disorders simultaneously or an unconventional line of psychotherapy.
Most of the causes of personality disorders of a patient lies in his or her childhood. Parental upbringing, social pressures, one’s personality and physical, mental or sexual abuse germinate this problems in childhood. The other causes may include hereditary traits passed on by parents like shyness or anger. Antisocial personality disorder, which generally has a biological cause is more common in men. Women tend to suffer from dependent personality disorder. Certain biochemical imbalances in the brain also lead to personality disorders. Environmental factors and family background also contribute towards the causes of personality disorders.
Personality disorder symptoms are specific to each type of abnormal psychological personality disorders. The general personality disorder symptoms are classified as:
- Frequent mood swings
- Unstable relationships
- Isolating oneself from social interactions
- Anger outburst
- Mistrust and suspicion of family and friends
- Difficulty in making friends
- Alcohol or drug abuse
- Poor impulse control
- Suicidal tendency
- Inflicting harm on others without provocation
Treatment have drastically changed over the years. Patients are no longer treated inhumanely. Treatments available today, aim to control the disorder and introduce the patient back into the society. As personality disorders are mostly chronic disorders, a patient may require life-long treatment. The treatment includes:
- Psychotherapy: Psychotherapy involves talking to the patient regarding the condition and issues related to the disorder. The patient learns about his moods, feelings and behavior during the psychotherapy sessions. The different types of psychotherapy includes cognitive behavioral therapy, dialectical behavior therapy, psychodynamic psychotherapy and psychoeducation. Psychotherapy may be group session or individual sessions.
- Drug Therapy: Medications like antidepressants, mood stabilizing medications, antianxiety medications and anti-psychotic medications are prescribed by doctors to help treat and control these conditions.
- Hospitalization and Rehabilitation: Some extreme conditions may require psychiatric hospitalization. When a patient becomes extremely violent or is unable to take care of himself, hospitalization is recommended. Many times people who get treated for psychological disorders need rehabilitation before entering the social structure.
One needs to improve the coping skills in order to overcome it. The patient needs to set reasonable goals to achieve in life. Speak to the therapist, family and friends for coping with the changes. Maintaining a daily dairy where one can write all the pain, anger, ill-will and negative emotions can also help in controlling personality disorders. Participation in social gatherings and friends get-together will help a person overcome social anxiety and keep away from feelings of social isolation. Support groups help connect with people with similar disorder and help one another to overcome similar challenges. Following a healthy diet and giving up on alcohol and other substance use are among the other things that the person can do to improve his condition. If someone you know is suffering from personality disorder, get over all the myths and fiction and help the person seek medical attention. With love, support and understanding one can help the patients overcome their abnormality.